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Wawel Royal Castle - HOME

Wawel Royal Castle
State Art Collection

31-001 Kraków, Wawel 5

(+48 12) 422-51-55, 422-61-21

Tourist Information:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 219

Reservations and Guide Service:
(+48 12)
422 16 97

Press contact:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 380, 341


The collection of paintings comprises over 1000 oil paintings and several hundred watercolours, pastels and drawings. In its core the most valuable works are collections donated by Jerzy Mycielski (1928), Leon Piniński (1931) and Karolina Lanckorońska (1994-2002, her father Karol’s collection). Easel paintings from the 14th to 20th c. represent all major centres of European painting.
What is particularly valuable is a collection of early Italian paintings, the largest in Poland, which has been augmented by 82 works from the Lanckoroński family collection. There are works by Simone Martini, Bernard Daddi, Bartolo di Fredi, Apollonius di Giovanni, Jacopo del Sellaio, Vittore Crivella, Dosso Dossi, Paris Bordone, Garofal, Giorgio Vasari, Alessandro Allori, and Leandro and Francesco Bassano. There are also other paintings by Italian artists such as Antonio Zanchi, Pietro Muttoni (Della Vecchia), Francesco Solimena, Alessandro Magnasco and Giovanni Battista Tiepolo.
A valuable collection of Gothic and Renaissance Dutch paintings includes works from the school of Roger van der Weyden and Quentin Massys, works by Pieter Coecke van Aelst, Ambrosius Benson, Jan Sanders van Hemessen and Bartholomaeus Spranger. Baroque Flemish painting is represented by pictures by Francken II Frans and from Rubens’s workshop and school. There is a very interesting collection of Dutch paintings, e.g. works by Govaert Flinck, Jan van Noordt, Jan Lievens, Michiel van Musscher, Jan van Kessel, Jan Verkolje I, Nicolaes Berchem and Krzysztof Lubieniecki.
Renaissance paintings from German countries include works by Georg Pencz, Christopher Amberger and Ludger Tom Ring, and works connected with Hans Kulmbach and Lucas Cranach the Younger.
In the French painting collection the most important works are those from the 19th c by such masters as Eugène Delacroix, Theodore Rousseau, Charles Daubigny or Diaz de la Peña.
English painting, represented by 30 works from the 17th -19th c., mainly portraits, is the most valuable collection in Poland (e.g. William Dobson, George Romney).
The Polish painting collection includes works from Gothic times to the 20th c. Renaissance and Baroque portraits by royal painters, such as Marcin Kober, Tomas Dolabella, Daniel Schulz the Younger, Jan Tricius and Louis de Silvestre, are especially interesting. Royal chambers boasted historic scenes, royal portraits and also portraits of the gentry. There is an interesting collection of modern Polish painting, represented by works of Marcello Bacciarelli and Jan Norblin, or Jan Chrzciciel Lampi, mostly presented in the Pieskowa Skała branch of the museum. Romanticism, realism and academism are represented by works of Piotr Michałowski, Artur Grottger, Aleksander Kotsis, Jan Matejko, Józef Chełmoński, Władysław Podkowiński or Henryk Siemiradzki. Secession and symbolism are represented by works of Jacek Malczewski, Julian Fałat, Jan Stanisławski, Wojciech Weiss, Ferdynand Ruszczyc, Stanisław Lentz, Vlastimil Hoffman and Włodzimierz Jarocki. The Wawel collection of paintings also includes works by other Polish artists; Zygmunt Waliszewski, Jan Cybis, Eugeniusz Geppert, Kazimierz Mikulski and Jerzy Nowosielski.

Watercolours are dominated by views of Wawel from the turn of the 20th c., mostly by Leon Wyczółkowski, and the collection of 228 works by Jacek Malczewski (from the Lanckoroński family collection) includes the most valuable drawings.

Foreign painting

Zoom in - "Angel" Simone Martini
"Angel" Simone Martini

ANGEL. Italy, Siena, Simone Martini (c. 1284-1344), c. 1315. Tempera and gilt on wood. A fragment of a lost altar, among the earliest works of the famous Sienese master. From the Lanckoroński collection.

Zoom in - "Madonna and child" Bernardo Daddi
"Madonna and child" Bernardo Daddi
MADONNA AND CHILD. Italy, Florence, Bernardo Daddi (mentioned 1312-1348), c. 1340. Tempera and gilt on wood. The middle part of the polyptych for the chapel of SS Bartholomew and Laurence in the Florentine church of  S. Maria del Carmine, a work divided up in the 18th c. One of the most valuable paintings in the Wawel collection of early Italian painting. From the Lanckoroński collection.
Zoom in - "Orpheus" Jacopo del Sellaio
"Orpheus" Jacopo del Sellaio
ORPHEUS. Italy, Florence, Jacopo del Sellaio (c. 1441-1493), end of the 15th c. Tempera on wood. One of the three  pictures by the Florentine painter Sellaio from his cycle on the love story between Orpheus and Eurydice. From the Lanckoroński collection.  
Zoom in - "Jupiter, Mercury and Virtue" Dosso Dossi
"Jupiter, Mercury and Virtue" Dosso Dossi
JUPITER, MERCURY AND VIRTUE. Italy, Ferrara, Dosso Dossi (1486?-1542), 3rd decade of the 16th c. Oil on canvas. The theme of the work of the most famous Renaissance painter from Ferrara was inspired by an anecdote from well known architect Leon Battista Alberti.
Zoom in - "The Annunciation" Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
"The Annunciation" Giovanni Battista Tiepolo
THE ANNUNCIATION. Italy, Venice, Giovanni Battista Tiepolo (1696-1770), c. 1725. Oil on canvas. A beautiful work by the famous Venetian master. From the Leon Piniński collection.
Zoom in - "Vanitas" Bartholomaeus Spranger
"Vanitas" Bartholomaeus Spranger
VANITAS. Germany, Bartholomaeus Spranger (1546-1611). Post 1600. Oil on canvas, signed: B. SPRANGERS. ANT .F. A putto with a skull is a traditional representation of death, depicted as the young god Thanatos, and the message of vanity in the composition is underlined by the presence of an hourglass and the inscription Hodie mihi cras tibi on the cartouche. From the Miączyński-Dzieduszycki collection.
Zoom in - "Occasio – allegory of good fortune" Frans Francken
"Occasio – allegory of good fortune" Frans Francken
OCCASIO – ALLEGORY OF GOOD FORTUNE. Flanders, Frans Francken (1581-1642), 1627. Oil on canvas. The inscription in the cartouche allows us to interpret the painting as an allegory of good fortune, referred to in Latin as Occasio. It is one of several versions of this theme which differ in detail, with the figure of a woman standing on the globe - the personification of Fortune. A gift from Jan Popławski.
Zoom in - “Portrait of  a youth” Jan Lievens
“Portrait of a youth” Jan Lievens
PORTRAIT OF A YOUTH. Holland, Jan Lievens (1607-1674), c. 1660-1665. Oil on canvas. The painting alludes to the lost Portrait of a youth by Raphael, thought  to be a self-portrait, from the Czartoryski collection in Kraków. The painting may have been painted from life or based on a sketch by Anton van Dyck or a painting by Paulus Pontius. The representation was mistakenly thought the painter’s self-portrait. From Jerzy Mycielski’s collection.
Zoom in - “Portrait of a man” Christopher Amberger
“Portrait of a man” Christopher Amberger
PORTRAIT OF A MAN. Germany, Christopher Amberger (c. 1505-1561 or 1562), 1540-1560. Oil on wood. The portrait, possibly of a merchant, presents influences of the Venetian school, characteristic of this painter’s works. From Leon Piniński’s collection.
Zoom in - “The rape of the Sabine women” Eugène Delacroix
“The rape of the Sabine women” Eugène Delacroix
THE RAPE OF THE SABINE WOMEN. France, Eugène Delacroix (1799-1863), 2nd quarter of the 19th c. Oil on canvas. Episode from myth passed on by Livius and Plutarch, about the rape of the Sabine women by Romulus’s  Roman soldiers. Probably a draft for a larger painting. From Jerzy Mycielski’s collection.
Zoom in - “Portrait of a Lady” George Romney
“Portrait of a Lady” George Romney
PORTRAIT OF A LADY. England, George Romney (1734-1802), 4th quarter of the 18th c. Oil on canvas. Reference to Emma Hart’s, the future lady Hamilton, portraits, characteristic of this artist, which became his most famous works. From Leon Piniński’s collection.

Polish painting

Zoom in - “Queen Anna Jagiellon’s portrait” Marcin Kober
“Queen Anna Jagiellon’s portrait” Marcin Kober
QUEEN ANNA JAGIELLON’S PORTRAIT. Marcin Kober (died before 1609), prior to 1595. Oil on canvas. Sigismund I the Old and Bona Sforza’s daughter, presented in widow’s clothing, after the death of her husband, Stefan Batory. This painting of the queen, by the court artist, is one of the best Polish Renaissance portraits. From the imperial collection in Vienna.
Zoom in - „Stanisław Tęczyński’s portrait” Tomasso Dolabella
„Stanisław Tęczyński’s portrait” Tomasso Dolabella
STANISŁAW TĘCZYŃSKI’S PORTRAIT. Tomasso Dolabella (c. 1570-1650), estimated 1633/1634. Oil on canvas. A portrait of a Kraków voyevod, the last male representative of his family, who died at the age of 23. One of the most beautiful early Polish portraits. From the collection of the Potocki family in Krzeszowice.
Zoom in - „King Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki’s portrait” Jerzy Daniel Schultz
„King Michał Korybut Wiśniowiecki’s portrait” Jerzy Daniel Schultz
KING MICHAŁ KORYBUT WIŚNIOWIECKI’S PORTRAIT. Jerzy Daniel Schultz (c. 1615-1683), 1668/1669. Oil on canvas. One of the best works of this Gdańsk artist, a court painter to several Polish kings. From the imperial collection in Vienna.
Zoom in - “Wettin’s election as Polish King” Jan Piotr Norblin de la Gourdaine
“Wettin’s election as Polish King” Jan Piotr Norblin de la Gourdaine
WETTIN’S ELECTION AS POLISH KING. Jan Piotr Norblin de la Gourdaine (1745-1830), c. 1790. Oil on canvas. The painting, until recently considered the work of an unknown artist from the 1st half of the 18th c., presents the election of August II Sas in Wola or his successor – August III’s in Warsaw’s Praga. From the collection of Franciszek Salezy Potocki in Kraków.
Zoom in - “The Prussian Homage” Jan Matejko
“The Prussian Homage” Jan Matejko
THE PRUSSIAN HOMAGE. Jan Matejko (1838-1893), 1882. Oil on canvas. This painting inaugurated the revived Wawel Castle collection, currently a deposit in the National Museum gallery in Sukiennice. It presents a homage paid on 10th April 1525 in the Kraków market square to king Sigismund I the Old by Albrecht Hohenzollern, the last Great Master of the Order of Teutonic Knights, the first secular prince of Prussia. The artist’s gift in 1882.
Zoom in - “An Elk” Julian Fałat
“An Elk” Julian Fałat
AN ELK. Julian Fałat (1853-1929), 1894. Oil on canvas. The author combined in a masterly way the achievement of realism with some elements of impressionism. From Leon Piniński’s collection.
Zoom in - “Mullein” Jan Stanisławski
“Mullein” Jan Stanisławski
MULLEIN. Jan Stanisławski (1860-1907), c. 1895 (?). Oil on canvas. The title plant became the pretext for showing off a subtle combination of shades which create a rich painting matter, vibrant with light. One of the artist’s larger works. From Leon Piniński’s collection.
Zoom in - “Leon Piniński’s portrait” Jacek Malczewski
“Leon Piniński’s portrait” Jacek Malczewski
LEON PINIŃSKI’S PORTRAIT, with a view of Wawel in the background. Jacek Malczewski (1854-1929), 1906. Oil on canvas. One of the most famous works from a large collection of Malczewski’s oil paintings and drawings, which belong to the castle collection. The portrait presents the benefactor of a great collection of works of art to the Wawel museum. From Leon Piniński's collection.

Zoom in - “A view from the hall of an entrance gate into the Courtyard of Wawel Castle” Stanisław Tondos
“A view from the hall of an entrance gate into the Courtyard of Wawel Castle” Stanisław Tondos
A VIEW FROM THE HALL OF AN ENTRANCE GATE INTO THE COURTYARD OF WAWEL CASTLE. Stanisław Tondos (1854-1917), c. 1900. Watercolour on paper. It shows a north-eastern corner of the arcaded courtyard of Wawel royal castle, with a fragment of the hall of the Renaissance gate in the foreground. The artist presented his own vision of the arcades which at that time were still concealed.
Agnieszka Janczyk, Kazimierz Kuczman, Joanna Winiewicz-Wolska