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Wawel Royal Castle - HOME

Wawel Royal Castle
State Art Collection

31-001 Kraków, Wawel 5

(+48 12) 422-51-55, 422-61-21

Tourist Information:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 219

Reservations and Guide Service:
(+48 12)
422 16 97

Press contact:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 380, 341

Court Banner

The Inscription Banner

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This was won on 12th September 1683 at the Battle of Vienna by the army of Marcin Zamoyski, a friend of King John III Sobieski. Preserved in the collections of the Zamoyski Estates, until 1939 in Warsaw, it spent the war years in Kraków. Like the previous one, the banner was added to the Castle’s collections in 1959 and purchased in 1995.

The olive green main section is surrounded by a carmine border with ornamentation painted in silver and gold. It is an inscription banner – covered in quotations from the Koran written in decorative tulut calligraphy. The main field contains the 13th verse of the 61st Sutra - Battle Array. In the corners are medallions with the names of the Prophet Mohammed and the four Caliphs: Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Umar ibn al-Khattab, and, not preserved, with the name of Uthman ibn Affan. The border is covered with quotations from the 2nd Sutra – The Cow. This is the longest Sutra in the Koran and refers to many topics - laws, a retelling of the stories of Adam, Abraham, and Moses, and also a warning of the fate which awaits those who resisted Allah’s summons. It also contains several verses referring to war and which were to be found on the border. It appears that quotations from the 2nd Sutra are very rare.
Turkey, 2nd half of the 17th cent.
Silk, gold, silver
233 x 358 cm

Court Banner

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The Court Banner was created at the wedding and coronation of Sigismund II Augustus and his third wife, Catherine of Austria, which took place on 30th July 1553 in Kraków.
Poland 1553
silk, tempera, gold and silver
229 x 352 cm

Stanisław Barzi’s Funeral Banner

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This is the oldest funeral banner, one of around a dozen textiles of its type which have been preserved.
Kraków, 1571
silk, tempera, gold
313 x 163 cm

The Banner of the Archduke Maximilian's Silesian Armies

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The Banner was won on 24th January 1588 at the Battle of Byczyna, which was fought between the armies of Maximilian III Habsburg, pretender to the Polish throne, and Chancellor Jan Zamoyski, on the side of Sigismund III Vasa.
Silesia, 1587
silk, tempera
170 x 190 cm