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Wawel Royal Castle - HOME

Wawel Royal Castle
State Art Collection

31-001 Kraków, Wawel 5

(+48 12) 422-51-55, 422-61-21

Tourist Information:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 219

Reservations and Guide Service:
(+48 12)
422 16 97

Press contact:
(+48 12) 422 51 55
ext. 380, 341

Court Banner

Court Banner

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The Court Banner was created at the wedding and coronation of Sigismund II Augustus and his third wife, Catherine of Austria, which took place on 30th July 1553 in Kraków.

It was made in Kraków – the unknown painter showed a cartouche with the emblems of the Crown and Lithuania, as well as the Habsburg coat of arms - the insignia, under the crown, is surrounded by the 22 coats of arms of the boroughs of the Kingdom of Poland. The heraldic message symbolised the Commonwealth’s political unity from Kraków to Vilnius.

It was used during state occasions, swearing homage or royal funerals, and it was kept in the Crown Treasury. It avoided destruction during the looting of the Treasury by the Prussians after Poland’s Third Partition, when the royal regalia disappeared and made their way to the collection of Princess Izabella Czartoryska in Puławy. Looted by the Russians in 1848, it was taken to the Hermitage where, on the basis of the Treaty of Riga in 1921, it was returned to Wawel in 1928. It also spent the Second World War years in Wawel, hidden here in various places by museum employees. It is one of the few items once stored in the Crown Treasury which have survived until the present day.
Poland 1553
silk, tempera, gold and silver
229 x 352 cm

Stanisław Barzi’s Funeral Banner

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This is the oldest funeral banner, one of around a dozen textiles of its type which have been preserved.
Kraków, 1571
silk, tempera, gold
313 x 163 cm

The Banner of the Archduke Maximilian's Silesian Armies

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The Banner was won on 24th January 1588 at the Battle of Byczyna, which was fought between the armies of Maximilian III Habsburg, pretender to the Polish throne, and Chancellor Jan Zamoyski, on the side of Sigismund III Vasa.
Silesia, 1587
silk, tempera
170 x 190 cm

The Inscription Banner

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This was won on 12th September 1683 at the Battle of Vienna by the army of Marcin Zamoyski, a friend of King John III Sobieski.
Turkey, 2nd half of the 17th cent.
Silk, gold, silver
233 x 358 cm