This was won on 12th September 1683 at the Battle of Vienna by the army of Marcin Zamoyski, a friend of King John III Sobieski. Preserved in the collections of the Zamoyski Estates, until 1939 in Warsaw, it spent the war years in Kraków. Like the previous one, the banner was added to the Castle’s collections in 1959 and purchased in 1995.
The olive green main section is surrounded by a carmine border with ornamentation painted in silver and gold. It is an inscription banner – covered in quotations from the Koran written in decorative tulut calligraphy. The main field contains the 13th verse of the 61st Sutra - Battle Array. In the corners are medallions with the names of the Prophet Mohammed and the four Caliphs: Ali ibn Abi Talib, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, Umar ibn al-Khattab, and, not preserved, with the name of Uthman ibn Affan. The border is covered with quotations from the 2nd Sutra – The Cow. This is the longest Sutra in the Koran and refers to many topics - laws, a retelling of the stories of Adam, Abraham, and Moses, and also a warning of the fate which awaits those who resisted Allah’s summons. It also contains several verses referring to war and which were to be found on the border. It appears that quotations from the 2nd Sutra are very rare.
Turkey, 2nd half of the 17th cent.
Silk, gold, silver
233 x 358 cm